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Configuration

Lerna's configuration is split into two files: lerna.json and nx.json.

Lerna.json

useWorkspaces & packages

Since Lerna was created, all major package managers (npm, yarn, and pnpm) have added the ability to cross-link packages in the same repo and dedupe node modules. If you'd like Lerna to delegate this process to the package manager you use, set useWorkspaces: true in lerna.json.

lerna.json
{
"useWorkspaces": true
}

If you don't have useWorkspaces set to true, you need to set the packages property which will tell Lerna where to look for package.json files.

lerna.json
{
"packages": ["packages/*"]
}

version

Lerna has two modes of publishing packages: fixed and independent. When using the fixed mode, all the packages will be published using the same version. The last published version is recorded in lerna.json as follows:

lerna.json
{
"version": "1.2.0"
}

When using the independent mode, every package is versioned separately, and lerna.json will look as follows:

lerna.json
{
"version": "independent"
}

commands

The lerna.json files can also encode commands options, as follows:

{
"command": {
"version": {
"allowBranch": "main",
"conventionalCommits": true
}
}
}

Find the available options in the API docs.

Nx.json

NOTE: "{projectRoot}" and "{workspaceRoot}" are special syntax supported by the task-runner, which will be appropriately interpolated internally when the command runs. You should therefore not replace "{projectRoot}" or "{workspaceRoot}" with fixed paths as this makes your configuration less flexible.

nx.json
{
"tasksRunnerOptions": {
"default": {
"runner": "nx/tasks-runners/default",
"options": {
"cacheableOperations": ["build", "test"]
}
}
},
"namedInputs": {
"default": ["{projectRoot}/**/*"],
"prod": ["!{projectRoot}/**/*.spec.tsx"]
},
"targetDefaults": {
"build": {
"dependsOn": ["prebuild", "^build"],
"inputs": ["prod", "^prod"],
"outputs": ["{projectRoot}/dist"]
},
"test": {
"inputs": ["default", "^prod", "{workspaceRoot}/jest.config.ts"]
}
}
}

taskRunnerOptions

runner

Everything in Nx is customizable, including running npm scripts. Most of the time you will either use the default runner or the @nrwl/nx-cloud runner.

cacheableOperations

The cacheableOperations array defines the list of npm scripts/operations that are cached by Nx. In most repos all non-long running tasks (i.e., not serve) should be cacheable.

Target Defaults

Targets are npm script names. You can add metadata associated with say the build script of each project in the repo in the targetDefaults section.

dependsOn

Targets can depend on other targets. A common scenario is having to build dependencies of a project first before building the project. The dependsOn property can be used to define the dependencies of an individual target.

"dependsOn": [ "prebuild", "^build"] tells Nx that every build script requires the prebuild script of the same project and the build script of all the dependencies to run first.

inputs & namedInputs

The inputs array tells Nx what to consider to determine whether a particular invocation of a script should be a cache hit or not. There are three types of inputs:

Filesets

Examples:

  • {projectRoot}/**.*.ts
  • same as {fileset: "{projectRoot}/**/*.ts"}
  • {workspaceRoot}/jest.config.ts
  • same as {fileset: "{workspaceRoot}/jest.config.ts}

Runtime Inputs

Examples:

  • {runtime: "node -v"}

Node the result value is hashed, so it is never displayed.

Env Variables

Examples:

  • {env: "MY_ENV_VAR"}

Node the result value is hashed, so it is never displayed.

Named Inputs

Examples:

  • inputs: ["prod"]
  • same as inputs: [{input: "prod", projects: "self"}]

Often the same glob will appear in many places (e.g., prod fileset will exclude spec files for all projects).. Because keeping them in sync is error-prone, we recommend defining named inputs, which you can then reference in all of those places.

Using ^

Examples:

  • inputs: ["^prod"]
  • same as inputs: [{input: "prod", projects: "dependencies"}]

Similar to dependsOn, the "^" symbols means "dependencies". This is a very important idea, so let's illustrate it with an example.

"test": {
"inputs": [ "default", "^prod" ]
}

The configuration above means that the test target depends on all source files of a given project and only prod sources (non-test sources) of its dependencies. In other words, it treats test sources as private. If your remixapp project depends on the header library, changing the header tests will not have any effect on the remixapp test target.

outputs

"outputs": ["{projectRoot}/dist"] tells Nx where the build script is going to create file artifacts. The provided value is actually the default, so we can omit it in this case. "outputs": [] tells Nx that the test target doesn't create any artifacts on disk. You can list as many outputs as you many. You can also use globs or individual files as outputs.

This configuration is usually not needed. Nx comes with reasonable defaults which implement the configuration above.

Project-Specific Configuration

For a lot of workspaces, where projects are similar, nx.json will contain the whole Nx configuration. Sometimes, it's useful to have a project-specific configuration, which is placed in the project's package.json file.

package.json
{
"name": "parent",
"scripts": {
"build": "...",
"test": "..."
},
"dependencies": {...},
"nx": {
"namedInputs": {
"prod": [
"!{projectRoot}/**/*.test.tsx",
"{workspaceRoot}/configs/webpack.conf.js"
]
},
"targets": {
"build": {
"dependsOn": [
"^build"
],
"inputs": [
"prod",
"^prod"
],
"outputs": [
"{workspaceRoot}/dist/parent"
]
}
}
"implicitDependencies": ["projecta", "!projectb"]
}
}

Note, the namedInputs and targetDefaults defined in nx.json are simply defaults. If you take that configuration and copy it into every project's package.json file, the results will be the same.

In other words, every project has a set of named inputs, and it's defined as: {...namedInputsFromNxJson, ...namedInputsFromProjectsPackageJson}. Every target/script's dependsOn is defined as dependsOnFromProjectsPackageJson || dependsOnFromNxJson. The same applies to inputs and outputs.

inputs & namedInputs

Defining inputs for a given target would replace the set of inputs for that target name defined in nx.json. Using pseudocode inputs = packageJson.targets.build.inputs || nxJson.targetDefaults.build.inputs.

You can also define and redefine named inputs. This enables one key use case, where your nx.json can define things like this (which applies to every project):

"test": {
"inputs": [
"default",
"^prod"
]
}

And projects can define their prod fileset, without having to redefine the inputs for the test target.

package.json
{
"name": "parent",
"scripts": {
"build": "...",
"test": "..."
},
"dependencies": {...},
"nx": {
"namedInputs": {
"prod": [
"!{projectRoot}/**/*.test.js",
"{workspacRoot}/jest.config.js"
]
}
}
}

In this case Nx will use the right prod input for each project.

dependsOn

Defining dependsOn for a given target would replace dependsOn for that target name defined in nx.json. Using pseudocode dependsOn = packageJson.targets.build.dependsOn || nxJson.targetDefaults.build.dependsOn.

outputs

Defining outputs for a given target would replace outputs for that target name defined in nx.json. Using pseudocode outputs = packageJson.targets.build.outputs || nxJson.targetDefaults.build.outputs.

implicitDependencies

The "implicitDependencies": ["projecta", "!projectb"] line tells Nx that the parent project depends on projecta even though there is no dependency in its package.json. Nx will treat such a dependency in the same way it treats explicit dependencies. It also tells Nx that even though there is an explicit dependency on projectb, it should be ignored.